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Jianmen Pass

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Jianmen Pass Introduction

Jianmen Pass is the center of the national scenic area "Jianmen Shu Dao" (ancient Sichuan Road at Jianmen pass) and one of the four famous mountains in Sichuan, located 30 kilometers north of a historic and cultural county-Jiange. Since ancient times, there has been a famous saying to describe the splendid scenery of Sichuan: "Mount Qingcheng is famous for its solitude; Mount Emei is attractive for its beauty; Jiuzhai Valley is known for its fascination; Jianmen gets its fame for its grandness", and it has been seemed to many people that Jianmen Pass is the representative of the tourist attractions in Guangyuan. The poet of the Tang Dynasty Li Bai wrote down a line of verse after visiting Jianmen Pass that "Jiange is narrow and steep" to praise its majesty and steepness; the poet of the Song Dynasty Lu You was enchanted by its charming and graceful scenery so that leaving a verse line that "In fine rain straddling a donkey I enter Jianmen Pass". With the poems wrote down by scholars through the ages and the relics left by military strategists of past ages especially the Three Kingdoms era, abundant human resources have been accumulated here.

Jianmen Pass

The mountain where Jianmen Pass is located is called "Dajian Mountain", on both sides of which there are steep cliffs stretching for hundreds of miles just like a natural city wall but interrupting at the gateway. Thus, a narrow and long mountain pass is formed here with knife-cut and axe-split rising cliffs on both sides, and become the only way into Sichuan, called "Impregnable Pass under Heaven". It is said that there used to be no gate here in the ancient time and Dajian Mountain blocked up the north-south passageway. The King Hui of the Qin Kingdom played a strategy "cave stones into a caw and put valuable things behind the caw to allure the Shu Kingdom", and the King of the Shu Kingdom believed in it and dispatched the five Hercules to mend the road for welcoming the cow. But the five Hercules are blocked by the Dajian Mountain and angrily cleave the mountain with their swords. The place cleaved off has two cliffs facing each other like a gate, thus called "Jianmen (Sword Gate)". It has always been a place of great military importance since ancient times, and numerous outstanding figures gathered here. During the Three Kingdoms, the Shu Prime Minister Zhuge Liang set up a defense here to guard the pass, which is initially called Jiange. A general of the Shu Kingdom once stationed 30 thousand soldiers here to fight against the one hundred thousand soldiers of the general of the Wei Dynasty Zhong Hui, and finally blocked them outside the Shu. In the first year of the Yuanhe rein in the Tang Dynasty (806 AD), the envoy of Yunnan west road sent an armed force to suppress the traitor Liu Pi. The two armies had experienced a fierce battle for several months in Jianmen Pass with corpses littered on the field and shed blood like water, and finally Liu Pi was defeated in Jianmen. On April 2, 1935, the Red Fourth Army had a bitter battle against Sichuan clique and routed the three regiments of Sichuan clique, which played a significant role in the transfer of the force. Over the 2300 years, more than a hundred wars were occurred here, but never defeated from the right side. "Jianmen Pass" was set up in the Tang Dynasty, and Li Bai praised it by a verse line "If one man guards the pass, ten thousand are unable to get through" for its steepness and majesty. Between the cliffs at the gateway, there are steles of "The First Pass" and "Impregnable Pass under Heaven". The original Jianmen Pass tower was destroyed in an earthquake, but the newly constructed tower re-presents the majestic and magnificent appearance of the Ming Dynasty, with rolling hills, green vegetations and beautiful scenery nearby."

Jianmen Pass

In Jianmen Pass, the front mountains are magnificent and majestic with steep cliffs and jagged rocks of grotesque shapes, while the back mountains are retired and quiet with luxuriant green pines, which give out a unique charm. Dajian Mountain, the main peak of Jianmen Pass at an elevation of 1200 meters, has an ancient temple called "Liangshan Temple" built in the Song Dynasty on the mountain top, and along the way you will have a great view of Jianmen Pass, Stalagmite Peak, Chuandongliang, Fairy Bridge, Shesheng Cliff and other beautiful spots. It is said that during the Three Kingdoms the Shu Prime Minister Zhuge Liang led his army to suppress the Wei Kingdom and ordered the soldiers to chisel the mountain rocks, erect girders and build plank roads at the sight of the steepness when passing by Dajian Mountain, which helped him on six expenditures to Qishan. The ancient plank roads had been destroyed during the long process of the history, but nowadays there are new steep winding mountain plank roads constructed along the steep peaks for visitors to climb up and visit the sceneries. Rambling along the winding mountain road of Jianmen Pass, you can appreciate pleasant green sceneries everywhere as far as you can see, such as old pines and green bamboos all over the mountain, and hear the singing of birds from the quiet valley from time to time and the murmur of the running streams. Taking a deep breath of the fresh air in the mountain, you may feel completely soothed and relaxed.