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Chengdu

Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan Province, is located in the west of Sichuan Basin and the hinterland of Chengdu Plain. The whole territory is high in the northwest and low in the southeast geographically. The western part is composed mainly by mountainous regions, with the altitude being 1000-3000 meters. The eastern part is composed primarily by plains and some low hills, with fertile soil and a long history of development, the altitude being about 750 meters. The significant difference on altitudes causes the vertical climatic belts with great contrast; therefore, Chengdu has a wide range of biological resources with a relatively centralized concentration, providing favorable conditions for the development of agriculture and tourism, endowing the city with a reputation of "Land of Abundance". Locating in the center of the basin of subtropical monsoon climate makes Chengdu a place of distinct seasons with abundant heat as well as rainfall. But it is a little bit stuffy and humid during rainy season In July and August.

Chengdu

Chengdu covers a total area of about 600 square kilometers. It hosts approximately 14 million permanent residents, ranking No.4 only after Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing. Being a time-honored city with thousands of years’ history, Chengdu is first listed as national historical city, the best tourist city in China and the origin of southern Silk Road. The Jinsha Relics Site discovered in 2001 prolonged Chengdu’s history to about 3000 years. The unearthed relics include more than 6000 gold ware, bronze ware, jade-ware, stone-ware and lacquerware, and tons of ivory, which are of great significance for studying the culture of ancient Sichuan. The Sun Bird Object among the unearthed relics was officially made by the National Cultural Relics Bureau as the "Symbol of Chinese Intangible Cultural Relics". The Dujiangyan Irrigation Project built by Li Bing in 256 B.C. has been nurturing the Chengdu Plain till today. From then on, the floods and droughts were controlled and Chengdu became a land with fertile soil and rich natural resources, making Chengdu a "Land of Abundance". In November 2000, Mt.Qingcheng & Dujiangyan was listed into "World Heritage list" by the UNESCO. During the Western Han Dynasty, Chengdu’s brocade industry enjoyed a wide reputation. An official position in charge of brocade was set up with special administration building built in Chengdu, making it also known as "Brocade City". During the same period of time, Chinese tea culture originated in Sichuan. According to written record, the earliest tea trade started in Pengshan County which is 70 kilometers from Chengdu. During Tang and Song dynasties, Chengdu was the main region for tea production nationwide and also the entrepot for tea trade. Since Qing Dyansty, the teahouses in Chengdu formed distinctive features and continue into present days. We could have an experience of the leisure life of Chengdu style characterized and represented by tea culture. By the end of Han Dynasty, elites represented by Liu Bei and Zhuge Liang founded Shu Kingdom centered in Chengdu, forming a situation of tripartite confrontation together with Wu Kingdom and Wei Kingdom, thus producing a special culture of Three Kingdoms in Chengdu represented by Wuhou Shrine. Chengdu has been a place of great openness since ancient times. People of talent gathered here, such as Sima Xiangru and Yang Xiong in Han Dynasty, Li Bai, Du Fu and Xue Tao in Tang Dynasty, Lu You and Su Shi in Song Dynasty and Guo Moruo and Ba Jin in modern and contemporary times. Today we could trace their footprint in Du Fu Thatched Cottage, Wangjiang Park and Qintai Road.

Chengdu

In July 2006, "Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries" was listed by World Heritage Committee of the UNESCO into "World Heritage List". Mt. Qingcheng, Xiling Snow Mountain and Tiantai Mountain were included in "Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries" world natural heritage. Today, giant panda fans could see the cute animals in Panda Valley and Panda Ark at the foot of Mt. Qingcheng, other than in Chengdu Panda Base, making Chengdu a real home for giant pandas with the largest number within the area.

Chengdu

Chengdu has been a famous metropolis since ancient times. There was a saying that "Yangzhou being No.1 and Chengdu being No.2" in Tang and Song Dynasties. During Song Dynasty, the earliest paper currency in the world’s currency history, Jiaozi appeared in Chengdu, and the earliest bank in the world was set up, known as "Jiaoziwu". Presently, Chengdu is positioned as an important high-tech industry base, business logistics center and comprehensive transportation junction in China and a crucial central city in western regions. At the same time, Chengdu, among central and western regions, hosts the largest number of global top 500 companies, foreign consulates and international air routes, with 278 companies, 15 consulates and 85 air routes respectively.

Chengdu

The openness of Chengdu promotes the economic development and cultural exchange and integration. Sichuan opera, Sichuan cuisine and hotpot are distinct Chengdu culture formed from the essence of different regions. In February 2010, Chengdu was approved into "Innovative Urban Network" of the UNESCO and endowed with "city of gastronomy". Upon approval, Chengdu could, as a city, take part in cultural diversity conservation activities organized by international NGOs, and conduct Chengdu food culture exchange and presentation worldwide, promoting Sichuan cuisine to go globe, facilitating the development of creative industry in Chengdu, and improving Chengdu’s innovation ability and culture soft power.

Chengdu

Chengdu, being a three-thousand-year-old cultural city with the largest number of World Heritage items among central and western regions, holding a name of "the best tourist city in China" and "a city of delicacy", will continue to welcome friends from all over the world with a stance of openness.