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Heishui County

Heishui County is located in the middle of Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, 280 km away from the provincial capital Chengdu. With the total population of 60,000, Tibetans account for 92.8%, making it a typical Tibetan settlement county. Here is a typical monsoon type plateau climate area, with sharp contrast between dry and rainy seasons. The sunshine here is abundant, and the temperature difference within a year is small, while that within a day is relatively big. All the four seasons of Heishui is very comfortable, with sufficient sunshine. Especially in summer, when there is no extreme heat, Heishui has become a great summer resort, while in winter, the stretches of white snow has turned Heishui into another beautiful scenery.

Heishui County

The Heishui County lies 2350 meter above sea level, and the terrain of the whole county tilts from the northwest to the southeast, with an average elevation of 3544 meter and the height difference of 1000-2000 meter. Already surrounded by mountains, groups of mountains stand within its territory, with peaks rising one above the other, snow mountains facing one another and deep valleys. Among them, there are 4 snow mountains higher than 5200 meter above sea level. During the Long March, the Red Army has approached Heishui for three times. Among 5 of the grant snow mountains that the Red Army has climbed over, 3 are located within the territory of Heishui: Dagu Snow Mountain, Changde Snow Mountain and Yakexia Snow Mountain.

Heishui County

The enrichment of natural landscape in Heishui and the profound cultural background there has made this snow area full of boundless charm. Dagu Glacier—the "Colorful Glacier" of the world, as well as the No. 1 Chinese Tibetan Blockade of Jiarong—Se'er Ancient Tibetan Village, have both gathered here. Dagu Glacier is a rare modern mountainous glacier; it has been developed into yet another quality tourist destination of Aba Prefecture, after Jiuzhaigou Valley and Huanglong Valley. Within the scenic area, there are plenty of recourses including glaciers, snow peaks, colorful forests, lakes and so on, with complete biodiversity and obvious vertical distribution. There are more than 1000 wild plants; 153 wild animals, including Sichuan golden monkey, Tibetan monkey antelope, argali and other rare wild animals, which are of various kinds, huge population and high rate of visibility in the open field.

Heishui County

The scenic area has been rated as the most attractive new beautiful scenery, best holiday destination of Sichuan, best maple leaf ornamental destination and so on. Se'er Ancient Tibetan Village is located in the east part of Heishui County, with an elevation of 1790 meter. It belongs to the arid valley, with humid climate and rich products. Se'ergu is ancient Tibetan language, meaning "a place rich in gold". Se'er Ancient Tibetan Village is a typical place, where the Tibetan and the Qiang Cultures blend together. It has been built alongside the mountain and the Meng River, and is a primitive Tibetan blockade with primitivism and simplicity, which has gained its name of "Oriental Castle", as well as "the Little Potala Place in Northwest Sichuan".

The Tibetans of Heishui has created a unique regional folk's culture, which radiates different colors. "Kasidawen" (Armor Dance) is bold and unconstrained, with colorful national costumes; the Barley Wine Culture makes people drunk. Every year on May the 12the and 13th based on the lunar calendar, the Tibetan people of Heishui hold mountain-revolving activity. The Tibetans come in droves and agree to climb up the mountain to worship the Mountain God. The Mountain God has granted life to the mountain, made forests throwing thickly up there and covered the hummock with green grass.

Heishui County

In May, when the mountains and fields begin to turn green and lush, crops also grow vigorously and people expect the Mountain God to protect cattle and sheep, and bring good harvest to crops. So that they climb up the mountain to pray. Up there, men and women, both old and young, all in festival clothes, bring with them highland barley wine, pig flesh and buns, to set tents and carry out a variety of activities. During the day there are horse racings, counterblows, mountain roaring, folk songs singing, in order to praise the kindness of the Mountain God; while in the evening, around the bonfire, they begin to jump the joyful Guozhuang Dance, drinking delicious barley wine, to pay worship to the Mountain God.