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Leshan

Leshan City is located in the south of Sichuan Province in China. It is about 162km from Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, and covers an area of 12,800 square meters. The average elevation is about 500m. It has 3 landforms, i.e. plains, hills and mountainous region and abundant water resources. Minjiang River, Qingyi River and Dadu River flow through the territory. Leshan has the subtropical monsoon climate with clear four seasons. It is warm in winter with the spring coming early, hot in summer but with less intense heat of summer and rainy in autumn. The southwest mountainous area has three-dimensional climate. The climate in Leshan is pleasant with the annual average temperature of 18 degree centigrade and average rainfall 1,400 mi1limeter. Vegetation in mountainous area develops well. Animal and plant resources are abundant.

Leshan  

The entire city governs 11 counties (autonomous counties), districts and cities and has a total population of 3.465 million including 33 ethnic minorities, e.g. Yi, Hui, Miao, etc. The residents are mainly Han nationality. The Yi population mainly distributed in two autonomous counties, i.e. Mabian and Ehian, and Jinkouhe District which is entitled to the policy treatment for regions inhabited by ethnic groups. Leshan was called Nan’an in the Western Han Dynasty and Jiazhou in the period from the Northern Zhou Dynasty to the Sui and Tang Dynasties and was renamed as Jiading after the Song Dynasty. At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, since “‘Zhile Mountain’was near to the southwest of the city” and Confucius said that “wise man like waters and the benevolent are fond of mountains” , therefore it was given the name of “Leshan”, which has been used to the present. In the ancient times, begonia was planted everywhere in Leshan. In February and March of each spring, the flowers are in full blossom and the whole city is filled with fragrance. Thus, Leshan also enjoys the reputation of Kingdom of Begonia Fragrance. At present, begonia is the city flower of Leshan City.

Leshan  

Leshan City has a long and profound history. As far back as 3,000 years ago in Ba and Shu, it was the former capital of Shu in the period of Kaiming, king of Shu, and it was called “Former Governance by Kaiming” in the history. In the later period of Warring States Period, Li Bing, governor of Shu in the Qin State, excavated Wuyou Lidui for control of floods: in the Sui Dynasty, Zhao Yu, governor of Jiazhou, led the army and people to fight floods and protect the city; at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Haitong, a monk, carved Leshan Giant Buddha; at the end of the Southern Song Dynasty, the Song Army stationed here for 40 years to resist the Yuan Army; at the end of the Ming Dynasty, Liu Wenxiu, a subordinate of Zhang Xianzhong, occupied Jiazhou and “allied with Ming to resist Qing” for 15 years... Leshan City wrote down magnificent articles in the history.

Ancient sayings go that “the mountains and waters in Guilin are the best in China; the landscape in Jiazhou is the best southwest” and that “the best mountains and waters under heaven are located in Shu and the best mountains and waters in Shu are located in Jiazhou” Thus, It can be seen that Leshan City has gained popularity as a tourist destination since the ancient times.

Leshan  

The scenic spots in its territory are centered by “Mountain Emei-Leshan Giant Buddha” and scores of national and provincial scenic spots like Jiayang Steam Train. Leshan Giant Buddha has a history of over 1,200 years. It is the “highest stone carved Buddha in the world”; Mountain Emei is one of the four famous mountains of Buddhism in China, which is deemed as a wonder under the heaven for its majesty, beauty, singularity, perilousness and quiet. Jiayang Steam Train is the sole narrow gauge steam train that is still in operation in the world, it’s very rare thus favored by Chinese and international tourists.