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Palyul County

Palyul (Baiyu) County lies in the west of Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, by Jinsha River, 3700 meters above sea level. The area is covered with high mountains and canyons, neighboring Litang County, Dege County and Garze County. Palyul County enjoys a continental monsoon highland climate. Specifically, the annual average temperature is 7.7 degree Celsius, and the monthly average temperature of July and autumn is below 25 degree Celsius, which are the two most comfortable months. Jianshe is the central town of Palyul County, which Jinsha River winds through and bisects into two parts. The architectural style of the county is a perfect combination of modernity and tradition. The county has a population of around 60,000, 90% of which are Tibetan.

Palyul

Palyul is a phonetic transcript of the name in Tibetan language. “Pal” means auspiciousness and the prosperity of great virtue, while “yul” meas a place or an area. Palyul is a holy place, the legend has it that, where Tathāgata and Avalokiteśvara deliver the highest mantra. Palyul County has the land form like a pattern of auspiciousness, hence the name. Within this sacred area, there are thousands of precious animals and plants, as well as cultural resources, making this county a must-go place for the exploration of Sichuan and Tibetan culture.

Palyul

Palyul County has the only completely reserved primary forest in South-western high-mountain area of China, which stretches 2500 square kilometers. The varieties of the trees in this area range from spruce, fir, high-land oak, red birch, white birch, aspen, and juniper to high-land pine. In Arengou, Rejia Township, which is 3300~3500 meters above sea level, there is a 2.12-square-kilometer primary juniper forest with a stock volume of 23150 stere. It enjoys a record of the highest belt of rare creature, hence a considerable scientific research value. In the forest, there are over 55 grade-one and grade-two national-level protected animal species, including white-lipped deer, gnu, leopard, golden eagle, green-tailed red pheasant, argal, snow panther, blood-red pheasant and Tibetan-snow pheasant. Medicinal resources in the area include Chinese caterpillar fungus, fritillaria, musk, antler and Huangqi, which all enjoy great quality and reputation worldwide.

Palyul

Palyul is a great combination of unique natural scenery and cultural views. Founded in the 12th century, Kathok Monastery is the most ancient monastery in Kham, admired as the “mother” of Nyingma. It is one the three Vajra Seats Padmasambhava (Lotus-Born) personally consecrated, attracting thousands of pilgrims and tourists. Yarchen Monastery is known for its mystery and Jo-mos. Nearly 30 thousand Sanghas live on an island which is less than 0.5 kilometer. The small island is scattered with match-box-like huts, while hundreds of caves for meditation also leave people with a deep impression. Palyul Monastery in the town is another grand site, with buildings covering the whole mountain and huts and houses for Sanghas arranged in rows. In the sunset glow, Palyul Monastery is majestically beautiful.