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Xinluhai Lake

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Xinluhai Lake Introduction

Xinluhai Lake lies at the foot of Chola Mountain in Manigange Township, Dege County, 100 kilometers from the county town and 4040 meters above sea level. The average depth of the lake is 10 meters and the bottommost point is as deep as 15 meters. Xinluhai Lake is a well-known glacial lake of Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, the primary source of whose water supply is the snow and ice melt water of Chola Mountain.

Xinluhai Lake 

The Tibetan name of Xinluhai Lake is Yu Long La-tso. In Tibetan language, “Yu” means “heart”, “Long” means “lose”, and “La-tso” means “the divine lake”. The legend has it that the wife 'Brugmo of King Gesar in Epic of King Gesar was once indulged in the tranquil beauty of the lake as if she lost her heart. In memory of 'Brugmo, people named the lake Yu Long La-tso, literally meaning “the lake 'Brugmo lost her heart to”. By the lake lie many Marnyi Stones, on which the Buddhist texts are carved. Some of the stones are several times as high as an adult.

Xinluhai Lake 

Xinluhai Lake is the largest glacial moraine-dammed lake in China. The lake area belongs to cool-temperate belt, the average annual temperature of which is 5.5 degree Celsius, while the monthly average temperature in January is minus 15 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature is as low as minus 32 degree Celsius. Due to the climate, the lake ices over from late October to late March of next year. Around the lake grow spruce trees, some of which in the lateral moraine area at the upper reaches are more than 100 years old, while some in the lateral area at the lower reaches are 580 years old. The dark green spruce trees are reflected in the mirror-like lake, creating a fairy land on earth.

Xinluhai Lake 

Thanks to the good ecological environment, the lake area is home creatures of nearly 180 species, 10 of which are national grade one protected animal and 33 grade two. The primary animal species in the area include the white-lipped deer, the golden jaguar, the snow leopard, the mountain sheep, the blood pheasant, the vulture, and the red fox. The primary plant species include the spruce tree, the sabina saltuaria and the snow lotus. The area is a perfect combination of live glaciers, mountain lakes, ancient forests and wild creatures, hence a good destination for tourists, photographers, artists and scientists to seek for inspirations.